The Radio Equipment Directive (RED) Declaration of Conformity (DoC) key characteristics are listed in this article along with the required Technical Contents that should accompany the DOC and links to the relevant information sources. As an example we have used a imaginary product that has a Bluetooth module incorporated into a simple consumer product.
Old Declaration of Conformity, Prior Radio Equipment Directive (RED)
The old method of the documenting directives for compliance and completing the Declaration of Conformity (DoC) would look similar to the following:
- Document identification such as DoC iD (Company assigned)
- Generic statement, This declaration is issued under the sole responsibility of the manufacturer:
- Product Identification such as Model name, Serial numbers etc
- Manufacturer’s company details such as contact details and address, Business number etc
- Some generic statement stating “compliance with all the applicable essential requirements, and other provisions of the Union Harmonization Legislation:
- List the directives applied
1999/5/EC – Radio and Telecommunications Terminal Equipment Directive (R&TTE)
2006/95/EC – Low Voltage Directive (LVD)
2004/108/EC – Electromagnetic Compatibility
2011/65/EU – RoHS Directive
- List the standards applied
Article 3.1a – Safety: EN 60950-1 (Date), EN 50360 (Date), EN 62479( Date)
Article 3.1b – Electromagnetic Compatibility: Product standard such as EN 55022 (Date), EN 301 489 – 01 (Version/Date), EN 301 489 – 17 (Version/Date), EN 61000-3-2 (Date), EN 61000-3-3 (Date)
Article 3.2 – Radio Spectrum: EN 300 328 (Date)
- List the documented evidence or test reports
- Person authorized to sign the declaration along with the printed name and date.
New Radio Equipment Directive (RED) Declaration of Conformity
Every wireless product marketed in for the European Union must have a Declaration of Conformity (DoC). The Radio Equipment Directive (RED) Declaration of Conformity document shall be continuously updated as required. It must also be translated into the language or languages required by the member state in which the equipment is made available. The RE Directive Official Journal (OJ)* identifies the standards to apply for effective use of spectrum, EMC, and electrical safety.
*Follow the link to the latest published Official Journal
The new method of the documenting directives for compliance and completing the ‘DoC’ would look similar to the following:
- Identification of object of the declaration, (the radio equipment type, batch and serial number). A color photograph is permissible for clarity
- Name and address of the manufacturer or his authorized representative
- The statement “This declaration is issued under the sole responsibility of the manufacturer”
- It should state: “The object of the declaration described above is in conformity with the relevant Union harmonization Legislation: Directive 2014/53/EU”. Include other Directives that apply but may not referenced by the RED if applicable such as Hazardous substances Directive 2011/65/EU etc. But do not include references to the product Safety, RF Exposure or EMC directives, even though if applicable the product must comply with the requirements of these directives. RED references requirements equivalent to the Low Voltage Directive (LVD) 2014-35/EU, in-addition RED references the EMC directive 2014/30/EU.
- Reference to the relevant harmonized standards uses or references to other technical specifications used in the assessment (including their identification number and version) such as EN 301 489 – 01 and EN 300 328 or equivalent listed standards on the Official journal.
- Details of the Notified Body name and number and a description of the assessment they undertook (and the resulting EU type examination certificate)
- Description of transmitter frequency (MHz etc) and transmit power (mW).
- Descriptions of accessories and software which allow the equipment to function as intended
- It should be signed and dated by the responsible person in the organization
Don’t forget that the Declaration of Conformity is only one of the required documents that should included in the products Technical File Requirements. Please refer to Annex V – CONTENTS OF TECHNICAL DOCUMENTATION of the Red Directive 2014-53-EU.
Some of the information required to be documented and available include:
A general description of the radio equipment. Photographs or illustrations showing external features, marking and internal layout. Versions of software or firmware affecting compliance with essential requirements. User information and installation instructions. Conceptual design and manufacturing drawings and schemes of components, sub-assemblies, circuits and other relevant similar elements. Descriptions and explanations necessary for the understanding of those drawings and schemes and the operation of the radio equipment. A list of the harmonised standards applied in full or in part the references of which have been published in the Official Journal of the European Union, and, where those harmonised standards have not been applied, descriptions of the solutions adopted to meet the essential requirements set out in Article 3, including a list of other relevant technical specifications applied. In the event of partly applied harmonised standards, the technical documentation shall specify the parts which have been applied. A copy of the EU declaration of conformity. Where the conformity assessment module in Annex III has been applied, copy of the EU-type examination certificate and its annexes as delivered by the notified body involved. Results of design calculations made, examinations carried out, and other relevant similar elements. A copy of the Test reports. An explanation of the compliance with the requirement of Article 10(2) and of the inclusion or not of information on the packaging in accordance with Article 10(10).
Red Directive 2014/53/EU can be view here for further clarification and information on how to compose your Radio Equipment Directive (RED) Declaration of Conformity. For the section that highlights the Declaration of Conformity please refer to ANNEX VI.
For more information on CE, RCM, FCC and CE testing for wireless products please refer to our wireless transmitter and receiver compliance testing page.