Conformité Européenne (CE) EMC compliance for Europe
CE EMC Compliance Testing for the European market
A brief description of CE EMC compliance testing, approval & certification
Countries requiring CE marking
CE marking is mandatory for certain product groups within the European Economic Area (EEA). The EEA consists of 28 member states of the EU plus EFTA countries Iceland, Norway and Liechtenstein plus Switzerland and Turkey. The manufacturer of products made in the EEA and the importer of goods made in other countries must ensure that CE-marked goods conform.
CE compliance requirements
Electrical and electronic products sold in the European market must be CE marked. The application of the CE mark requires compliance with various European compliance directives. These directives depend on the type of product and construction. Applied EU Directives may include the following:
- Electrical safety (LVD)
- Radio Equipment Directive (RED)
- Machine Directive
- Medical Devices
And many more, for more information please see our “Guide to CE Declaration of Conformity“
CE EMC Testing requirements
Most electrical and electronic equipment sold in the EU must be CE marked. So they need compliance to the EMC Directive “Electromagnetic Compatibility, 2014/30/EU” (replacing 2004/108/EC). This can be achieved by identifying and applying the most relevant product standard. And demonstrating compliance through testing or other means. The accepted EMC standards are listed in the Official Journal of the European Union (OJEU). CE testing requires both emissions and immunity EMC testing. If the product has wireless RF radio communications functionality, then additional EMC and Radio compliance could be required. This may include technologies such as RFID, Bluetooth, 3G, 4G or Wi-Fi.
CE wireless Radio testing requirements
Radio and wireless products sold in the European market must be CE marked. The product must comply with the ‘Radio Equipment Directive’ (RED). The ‘RED’ Directive replaced the ‘Radio and Telecommunications’ (R&TTE) Directive. Which either ended or phased out for certain products between 13/07/2016 to the 12/07/2017. The accompanying Declaration of Conformity (DoC) for any Radio Equipment Directive (RED) product will need only the RED directive to listed. Yet the LVD and EMC compliance requirements will still need to be satisfied. The specific transmitter and receiver tests are required. Including transmit power, spurious emissions, bandwidth along with various EMC emissions and immunity testing. Most Radio and wireless standards are available via the ETSI download portal. Please see link European Radio and wireless compliance standards.
Legal implications for CE marking
CE marking signifies that the product conforms with all EC directives that apply to it. A products conformity signified by affixing the CE mark to each product. Each product must be able to prove compliance with the applicable directives. This this is usually achieved through testing to the appropriate harmonized standards/directives. For EMC compliance you are required to comply with the relevant product standard(s) or generic standard(s). This is specific to the product primary function and intended environment. Suppliers must complete and sign a standard format single Declaration of Conformity (DoC) Statement. Listing all the applicable directives and harmonized standards that the product complies. For some products and standards, an organization that has been accredited by a member state maybe be needed. Commonly known as a Notified Body. Required to assess and certify whether a product meets certain preordained standards based upon the data from the test report(s).
European EMC testing (CE) requirements and testing
How do I test my product?
EMC Testing for Europe should be conducted at a test facility with a NATA or similar accreditation in order to perform the measurements. Measurement test site must technically conform to the physical characteristics defined in the relevant test standard references including NSA, 16 point uniform field calibrations and so on.
What are the tests required?
For EMC CE compliance you are required to test your product with respect to the product emissions and immunity and will include tests such as:
EMC Testing for Europe – Emissions EMC testing
- Radiated emissions testing
- Conducted emissions AC mains ports testing
- Conducted emissions DC mains ports
- Conducted emissions telecommunication port emissions testing
- Harmonic current emissions testing
- Voltage fluctuations (flicker) testing
Emissions testing is the measurement of the energy. Radiated into free space from the entire unit as a whole including cabinet radiation and cable radiation. Or the conducted emissions is the energy radiated via a conductive path (cable) back to the mains network.
EMC Testing for Europe – Immunity EMC testing
- Radiated RF immunity testing
- Conducted RF immunity testing
- Electrical fast transients (EFT) testing
- Electrostatic discharge (ESD) testing
- Surge immunity testing
- Voltage dips and interrupts testing
- Magnetic immunity testing
- Vehicular transients
Immunity testing is to ensure that a product operates as intended when subjected to various external influences. These influences are a well-defined set of different types of phenomenon that can occur in the real world.
CE Product groups: The directives requiring CE marking affect the following product groups:
- Active implantable medical devices
- Appliances burning gaseous fuels
- Cableway installations designed to carry persons
- Eco-design of energy related products
- Electromagnetic compatibility
- Equipment and protective systems intended for use potentially explosive atmospheres
- Explosives for civil uses
- Hot-water boiler
- In vitro diagnostic medical devices
- Low voltage Machinery
- Measuring Instruments
- Medical devices
- Noise emission in the environment
- Non-automatic weighing instruments
- Personal protective equipment
- Pressure equipment Pyrotechnics
- Radio and telecommunications terminal equipment
- Recreational craft
- Safety of toys
- Simple pressure vessels
- Restriction of the use of certain hazardous substances RoHS 2
For a complete listing, see the New Approach website. Established by the European Commission and EFTA with the European Standardisation Organisations.
When is a CE mark not CE mark?
Using CE mark test reports for compliance evidence
Why use EMC Bayswater for your CE testing?
We offer excellent customer support. Providing great value, high-quality testing and test reports. All with a fast turnaround to ensure your product gets to market with the shortest possible lead time. We are accredited to many of the CE testing Electromagnetic Compatibility standards. And we have extensive experience with these requirements. Please visit our EMC testing services page for details of other EMC compliance testing services we offer.
Note: For the example EU DoC PDF, please save the PDF file to be able to edit and use the form fill function and print functions.