Wireless & Radio Testing

Wireless and Radio compliance testing

Wireless & Why is Radio performance testing required?

Wireless & Radio performance testing (Transmitters and receivers) is performed in order to achieve correct operation, in the same electromagnetic environment as different or similar equipment and the avoidance of any interference effects whilst sharing the usable radio frequency (RF) spectrum and thus allowing more devices to occupy the radio frequency spectrum such as the 2.4GHz band etc. The testing is usually legislated in markets including Australia (RCM), Europe (CE), North America (FCC), Canada (IC) and so on. The type of testing depends upon both the market and the product. Some of the most common tests performed for radio testing / wireless testing are the Low Interference Potential Devices (LIPD) used in conjunction with AS/NZS 4268 testing for Australia, FCC Part 15 C, such as FCC Part 15.247, FCC Part 15.249 etc for North America, ETSI EN 300 328, ETSI EN 300 330, ETSI EN 300 440 for Europe and RSS 210 for Industry Canada.

We can test different radio and wireless technologies such as ZigBee, Bluetooth, WiFi, GSM data, etc.

We have a 3G, UMTS and 2G GSM communications test sets/base stations and access to various other RF test sets for specific jobs.

Wireless Radio Testing

Wireless Radio testing is the testing of the Radio performance of transmitters, transceivers and receivers. Each region has their own requirements and within a region such as Europe there may be additional requirements per individual country within the member states. Below are a few of the more commonly requested regions were testing is mandatory.

RCM (Australia & New Zealand) wireless radio testing (RF transmitter & receiver) compliance

Expansion: Regulatory Compliance Mark

Effective region: Australia and New Zealand

Regulator: Australian Communications and Media Authority (Australia) and Radio Spectrum Management Group (RSM) (New Zealand).

Legal status: Mandatory

wireless radio testing certification, approval and compliance requirements for RCM

EMC Bayswater offers a comprehensive Regulatory Compliance Mark (RCM) Radio Directives testing certification services including NATA accredited AS/NZS 4268 testing.

Products sold in Australia and New Zealand containing radio and wireless components (transmitters and/or receivers) must comply with the relevant Radio standard. RCM wireless radio testing can include tests such as; Maximum transmit power, Spurious emissions, Occupied bandwidth/frequency, Spectrum density etc. to ensure the radio performance of the transmitter or receiver for Australia.

Legal Implications for RCM marking

The Equipment/Product must comply with relevant applicable ACMA’s mandated radiocommunications standards, listed on the ACMA web page and also listed in schedule 2 of Radiocommunications Devices (Compliance Labelling) Notice 2014 (the Notice) are deemed to be compliance level 1 or 2. How to determine what level of compliance your product is? Refer to “Schedule 2 , Applicable standards and compliance levels” of the “Radiocommunications (Compliance Labelling – Devices) Notice 2014“. Please refer to the the following extract from the Radiocommunications Devices (Compliance Labelling) Notice 2014 (the Notice) in order to comply a compliance level 1 or 2 device.

Compliance level 1

To comply with compliance level 1 for an applicable standard, the supplier of a device must:

(a)  prepare a description of the device; and

(b)  complete and sign a declaration of conformity for the device.

Compliance level 2

(1)  To comply with compliance level 2 for an applicable standard, the supplier of a device must:

(a)  comply with compliance level 1; and

(b)  obtain and retain reasonable written evidence that the device complies with the standard.

(2)  For paragraph (1)(b), the reasonable written evidence must include at least one of the following:

(a)  written authority by the Federal Communications Commission for a device to operate in the United States of America (USA), along with documented information showing how the device has been altered to meet Australian requirements where these diverge from USA requirements;

(b)  a test report prepared by an accredited testing body endorsed in accordance with the body’s accreditation criteria;

(c)  a test report from a person that is not an accredited testing body;

(d)  a manufacturer’s performance specifications for the device.

If your product falls under the item 10; Radiocommunications (Short Range Devices) Standard 2014, compliance level 1 then you should refer to the requirements of the Radiocommunications (Short Range Devices) Standard 2014. This refers to AS/NZS 4268, which EMC Bayswater is NATA accredited to perform testing and issue NATA endorsed test reports. Typically short range devices may include; Bluetooth, ZigBee, 433MHz remote key-less entry, RFID, WiFi and so on, these are relatively low RF power transmitters or transceivers that operate over a relatively short range.

In some instances a valid overseas test report is deemed satisfactory to show compliance for the RCM requirements in whole or with additional variation testing. Recently AS/NZS 4268: 2012 was updated to the AS/NZS 4268:2017. The latest version of the standard has incorporated a larger emphasis on allowing FCC and ETSI test reports to demonstrate compliance without having to conduct any additional testing. Essentially either a FCC test report used in whole or a ETSI test report used in whole can demonstrate compliance. However a ‘mix and match’ hybrid test report of FCC and ETSI results is not accepted. Regardless of the compliance path i.e. FCC or ETSI test reports the supplier must ensure that device operates in accord with the LIPD.

Note: there maybe variations between the two countries and many similarities for various products. Some of these wireless radio testing standards that maybe used in part or whole include:

  • ETSI EN 300 220 – Electromagnetic compatibility and Radio spectrum Matters (ERM);Short Range Devices (SRD); Radio equipment to be used in the 25 MHz to 1 000 MHz frequency range with power levels ranging up to 500 mW
  • ETSI EN 300 328 – Electromagnetic compatibility and Radio spectrum Matters (ERM); Wide-band transmission systems; Data transmission equipment operating in the 2.4 GHz ISM band and using wide band modulation techniques
  • ETSI EN 300 440 – Electromagnetic compatibility and Radio spectrum Matters (ERM); Short range devices; Radio equipment to be used in the 1 GHz to 40 GHz frequency range
  • ETSI EN 301 893 – Broadband Radio Access Networks (BRAN); 5 GHz high performance RLAN; Harmonized EN covering essential requirements of article 3.2 of the R&TTE Directive
  • FCC Part 15 Subpart C – Intentional Radiators, example FCC Part 15.247 – Operation within the bands 902-928 MHz, 2400-2483.5 MHz, and 5725-5850 MHz.
  • RSS-210 – Low-power License-exempt Radio-communication Devices (All Frequency Bands) – Category I Equipment – Industry Canada

EMC Bayswater offer an overseas report technical review service that can assist in the determination of the suitability of an overseas report as evidence against the RCM requirements. We can also provide determination of the EMR testing requirements. Some transmitter’s are exempt from EMR testing (SAR testing) depending upon the particular product and transmitter specifications.

For further information regarding the Regulatory Compliance Mark (RCM) requirements including RCM labeling, declaration of conformity, registration on the national database etc please refer to our dedicated RCM section. Additional EMC testing is often required for many products as the radio component is only a subpart to a more complex system please follow the EMC testing services link for further details on how EMC Bayswater.

CE (Europe) wireless radio testing(RF transmitter and RF receiver) compliance

Expansion: Conformité Européenne

Effective region: European Economic Area

Regulator: European commission

Legal status: Mandatory

wireless radio testing certification, approval and compliance requirements for CE

Croydon South EMC Bayswater offers a vast array of CE Directive wireless radio testing and certification services including both the radio performance aspect and the EMC Radio testing aspect for transmitters, transceivers and receivers.

Radio and wireless products sold in the European market must be CE marked. The product must comply with the ‘Radio Equipment Directive’ (RED), the ‘RED’ Directive replaced the ‘Radio and Telecommunications’ (R&TTE) Directive which either ended or was phased out for certain products between 13/07/2016 to the 12/07/2017. The accompanying Declaration of Conformity (DoC) for any Radio Equipment Directive (RED) directive product i.e. any product containing a transmitter and or receiver will require only the RED directive to be listed, however the LVD and EMC requirements will still need to be satisfied. Testing includes both radio parameter/performance testing including maximum transmit power, spurious emissions, frequency error, spectrum density etc in addition to the EMC related immunity performance where the transmitters and receiver are subjected to assessment whilst the product is tested against the relevant product standard and the applicable EMC radio standard such as most relevant ETSI EN 301 489 sub set.

Legal Implications for CE marking

The Equipment/Product must comply with the relevant applicable standard as specified by the European wireless standards appearing on the CE directives list of standards. In some instance it is required to use a notified body (NB) this is to ensure that all local government legislation and technical components of the testing are up to the standard requires, we can help with referring you to an independent notified body who we highly recommend.

For further information regarding the CE compliance requirements including CE labeling, declaration of conformity etc please refer to our dedicated CE section. Additional EMC testing is often required for many products as the radio component is only a sub-part to a more complex system please follow the EMC testing services link for further details on how EMC Bayswater.

RED directive 2014/53/EU

For further information on the RED directive framework i.e. Commission communication in the framework of the implementation of Directive 2014/53/EU please follow the link or check out the latest accepted RED Radio performance testing standards for CE wireless compliance here.

FCC (North America) wireless radio testing (RF transmitter and RF receiver) compliance

Expansion: Federal communications commission

Effective region: Independent agency of the United states covering all 50 states, the District of Columbia and U.S territories.

Regulator: The Federal communications commission is an independent agency of the United States government created by the congressional statue.

Legal Requirements: Mandatory

Wireless radio testing certification, approval and compliance requirements for FCC

EMC Bayswater offers a vast array of FCC intentional radiator (transmitter and receiver) testing services, we are FCC accredited and have a fully compliant ANSI C63.4: 2009 and ANSI C63.4: 2014 test site.

Products sold in the in the US containing radio and wireless components (transmitters and/or receivers or ‘intentional radiators’) must comply with the with relevant sections of the FCC rules such as FCC Part 15 Subpart C – Intentional Radiators depending upon the type of technology used and construction of the transmitter.

Useful links:

Transmitter Module Equipment Authorization Guide.pdf

Legal Implications for FCC marking

Certification is required by a Telecommunication Certification Body (TCB), we can help with referring you to an independent notified body who we highly recommend. After the test report is completed and submitted to the TCB then a grant is issued for the product and an associated FCC ID number assigned. Please note the FCC no longer performs the certification task and a independent TCB will be required. EMC Bayswater are NATA accredited to perform FCC Part 15 Subpart C testing and is registered on the FCC site as accredited along with our ANSI C63.4: 2009 and C63.4: 2014 FCC registered test site essential for performing FCC radiated measurements.

For further information regarding the FCC compliance requirements including FCC labeling, declaration of conformity etc please refer to our dedicated FCC section. Additional EMC testing is often required for many products as the radio component is only a sub-part to a more complex system please follow the EMC testing services link for further details on how EMC Bayswater.

ISED previously IC for Canada wireless radio testing (RF transmitter and RF receiver) compliance

Expansion: Innovation, Science and Economic Development, previously Industry Canada

Effective region: Canada

Regulator: Innovation, Science and Economic Development, previously Industry Canada

Legal Requirements: Mandatory

wireless radio testing certification, approval and compliance requirements for ISED

Products sold in the in Canada containing radio and wireless components (transmitters and/or receivers) must comply with the with relevant sections of Innovation, Science and Economic Development rules such as RSS-210, RS-310, RSS-247, etc depending upon the type of technology used and construction of the transmitter.

Legal Implications for ISED marking

Certification is required by a Foreign Certification Body (FCB), we can help with referring you to an independent notified body who we highly recommend. EMC Bayswater has a ANSI C63.4: 2009 and C63.4: 2014 IC registered test site essential for performing ISED and IC radiated emissions measurements.

For further information regarding the ISED EMC testing compliance requirements including ISED labeling, declaration of conformity etc please refer to our dedicated ISED / IC section. Additional EMC testing is often required for many products as the radio component is only a sub-part to a more complex system please follow the EMC testing services link for further details on how EMC Bayswater.

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