Wireless & Radio Testing
Wireless and Radio compliance testing
Wireless & Why is Radio performance testing required?
Wireless & Radio is the radio-frequency (RF) performance testing of transmitters, transceivers and receivers. It is performed to ensure correct operation when in used near with other equipment. Also, it allows sharing the usable radio frequency (RF) spectrum. Thus allowing more devices to occupy the radio frequency spectrum such as the 2.4GHz band as an example. The testing is usually legislated in most regions and markets. Including Australia under the Regulatory Compliance Mark or RCM for short. In Europe under the Radio Equipment Directive (RED) which forms part of the CE mark process. North America under Federal Communications Commission or FCC for short. Innovation, Science and Economic Development (ISED) compliance for Canada. The type of testing depends on both the market and the product. Including the type of technology incorporated in the radio module and the frequency used.
Some of the more common tests performed for radio wireless compliance and certification testing are:
- Low Interference Potential Devices (LIPD) used in conjunction with AS/NZS 4268 testing for Australia
- FCC Part 15 C, such as FCC Part 15.247, FCC Part 15.249 etc for North America
- ETSI EN 300 328, ETSI EN 300 330, ETSI EN 300 440 for Europe
- RSS 210 for Innovation, Science and Economic Development (ISED)
We can test different radio and wireless technologies. Including ZigBee, Bluetooth, WiFi, GSM data. We have a 3G, UMTS and 2G GSM communications test sets/base stations. We also have access to various other RF test sets for specific jobs through EMC Technologies.
Wireless Radio Testing
Below are specific tabs for a few of the more requested regions were compliance is mandatory.
RCM (Australia & New Zealand) wireless radio testing (RF transmitter & receiver) compliance
Expansion: Regulatory Compliance Mark
Effective region: Australia and New Zealand
Regulator: Australian Communications and Media Authority for Australia. Radio Spectrum Management Group (RSM) for New Zealand.
Legal status: Mandatory
Wireless radio testing certification, approval and compliance requirements for RCM
EMC Bayswater offers a comprehensive Regulatory Compliance Mark (RCM) radiocommunications testing services. Including NATA accredited AS/NZS 4268 testing for low power transmitters and receivers.
Products sold in Australia and New Zealand with wireless radio modules must comply with the relevant radio standard. Radio modules are wireless transmitters/receivers, capable of transmitting or receiving data. RCM wireless radio testing can include tests such as;
- Maximum transmit power
- Spurious emissions
- Occupied bandwidth/frequency
- Spectral density
These wireless radio tests to ensure the radio performance of the transmitter or receiver for Australia. And ensure that these measured performance values fall within the allocated limits.
Legal Implications for RCM marking
The Equipment/Product must comply with relevant applicable ACMA’s mandated radiocommunications standards.
How to determine what level of compliance your product is?
Refer to “Schedule 2, Applicable standards and compliance levels” of the “Radiocommunications (Compliance Labelling – Devices) Notice 2014“. Please refer to the following extract from the Radiocommunications Devices (Compliance Labelling) Notice 2014 (the Notice) in order to comply a compliance level 1 or 2 devices.
Compliance level 1
To comply with compliance level 1 for an applicable standard, the supplier of a device must:
(a) prepare a description of the device; and
(b) complete and sign a declaration of conformity for the device.
Compliance level 2
(1) To comply with compliance level 2 for an applicable standard, the supplier of a device must:
(a) comply with compliance level 1; and
(b) obtain and retain reasonable written evidence that the device complies with the standard.
(2) For paragraph (1)(b), the reasonable written evidence must include at least one of the following:
(a) written authority by the Federal Communications Commission for a device to operate in the United States of America (USA), along with documented information showing how the device has been altered to meet Australian requirements where these diverge from USA requirements;
(b) a test report prepared by an accredited testing body endorsed in accordance with the body’s accreditation criteria;
(c) a test report from a person that is not an accredited testing body;
(d) a manufacturer’s performance specifications for the device.
An example class 1 or 2 radio determination would be as follows. If your product falls under the item 10; of the Radiocommunications (Short Range Devices) Standard 2014, compliance level 1. Thus you referencing the requirements of the Radiocommunications (Short Range Devices) Standard 2014. This, in turn, references the industry standard AS/NZS 4268. Which EMC Bayswater is accredited to perform testing and issue endorsed test reports. Typically short-range devices may include;
- 433MHz remote keyless entry
These are relatively low RF power transmitters or transceivers that operate over a relatively short range.
In some instances, a valid overseas test report is deemed satisfactory to show compliance with the RCM requirements. Either in whole or with extra variation testing. Recently the industry standard AS/NZS 4268 was updated from 2012 to the new 2017 version. The latest version of the standard has incorporated a larger emphasis on allowing FCC and ETSI test reports to show compliance. Thus reducing the need to having to conduct any more testing. Essentially either an FCC test report used in whole or an ETSI test report used in the whole can demonstrate compliance. However, a ‘mix and match’ hybrid test report of FCC and ETSI results is not accepted. Regardless of the compliance path i.e. FCC or ETSI test reports the supplier must ensure that device operates in accord with the LIPD.
Note: there may be variations between the two countries and many similarities for various products. Some of these wireless radio testing standards that may be used in part or whole include:
- ETSI EN 300 220 – Electromagnetic compatibility and Radio spectrum Matters (ERM); Short Range Devices (SRD); Radio equipment to be used in the 25 MHz to 1 000 MHz frequency range with power levels ranging up to 500 mW
- ETSI EN 300 328 – Electromagnetic compatibility and Radio spectrum Matters (ERM); Wide-band transmission systems; Data transmission equipment operating in the 2.4 GHz ISM band and using wide band modulation techniques
- ETSI EN 300 440 – Electromagnetic compatibility and Radio spectrum Matters (ERM); Short range devices; Radio equipment to be used in the 1 GHz to 40 GHz frequency range
- ETSI EN 301 893 – Broadband Radio Access Networks (BRAN); 5 GHz high-performance RLAN; Harmonized EN covering essential requirements of article 3.2 of the R&TTE Directive
- FCC Part 15 Subpart C – Intentional Radiators, example FCC Part 15.247 – Operation within the bands 902-928 MHz, 2400-2483.5 MHz, and 5725-5850 MHz.
- RSS-210 – Low-power License-exempt Radio-communication Devices (All Frequency Bands) – Category I Equipment – Industry Canada
EMC Bayswater offers an overseas report technical review service. This can assist in the determination of the suitability of an overseas report as evidence against the RCM requirements. We can also provide a determination of the EMR testing requirements. Some transmitters are exempt from EMR testing examination. Normally EMR requirements are achieved through SAR testing. Depending upon the particular product and transmitter specifications testing may not be required.
For further information regarding the Regulatory Compliance Mark (RCM) requirements. Including RCM labelling, declaration of conformity, registration on the national database. Please refer to our dedicated RCM section. Additional EMC testing is often required for many products. As the radio component is only a subpart to a more complex system. Please follow the EMC testing services link for further details on how EMC Bayswater can help your company.
CE (Europe) wireless radio testing (RF transmitter and receiver) compliance
Expansion: Conformité Européenne
Effective region: European Economic Area
Regulator: European Commission
Legal status: Mandatory
Wireless radio testing certification, approval and compliance requirements for CE
EMC Bayswater offers a vast array of CE Radio Equipment Directive (RED) wireless radio testing. Including both the radio performance aspect and the combined Radio EMC testing aspect.
Radio and wireless products sold in the European market must be CE marked. The product must comply with the ‘Radio Equipment Directive’ (RED). The ‘RED’ Directive replaced the ‘Radio and Telecommunications’ (R&TTE) Directive. Which either ended or was phased out for certain products between 13/07/2016 to the 12/07/2017. Any product containing a radio transmitter and or receiver most likely will fall under RED. The Declaration of Conformity (DoC) for any Radio Equipment Directive (RED) product requires only the RED directive to be listed. But, the Low Voltage Directive LVD and EMC requirements will still need to be satisfied. Testing includes both radio parameter/performance testing that may include the following tests:
- Maximum transmit power
- Spurious emissions
- Frequency error
- Spectral density
In addition to the EMC product related immunity performance criteria. The transmitters and receiver are subjected to performance assessment. The testing requirements and performance assessment are usually combined and performed simultaneously. Thus product testing against the relevant product standard and the applicable EMC radio standard. The EMC radio standards include ETSI EN 301 489-1 and the most relevant ETSI EN 301 489 subsets, example ETSI EN 301 489-17.
Legal Implications for CE marking
The product must comply with the relevant applicable standard. As specified by the European wireless standards appearing on the CE directives list of standards. In some instance, it is required to use a Notified Body (NB). This is to ensure that all local government legislation and technical components of the testing are up to the standard requires. We can help with referring you to an independent notified body who we highly recommend.
For further information about the CE product compliance requirements. Including CE labelling, declaration of conformity, please refer to our dedicated CE testing section. Extra EMC testing is often required for many products as the radio component is only a sub-part to a more complex system. Please follow the Electromagnetic compatibility testing services link for further details.
RED directive 2014/53/EU
For further information on the RED directive framework i.e. Commission communication in the framework of the implementation of Directive 2014/53/EU. Please follow the link or check out the latest accepted RED Radio testing standards for CE wireless compliance here.
There is also a great quick Radio Equipment Directive (RED) guide, here is a downloaded copy.
FCC (North America) wireless radio testing (RF transmitter and RF receiver) compliance
Expansion: Federal communications commission
Effective region: Independent agency of the United States covering all 50 states, the District of Columbia and U.S territories.
Regulator: The Federal communications commission is an independent agency of the United States government created by the congressional statute.
Legal Requirements: Mandatory
Wireless radio testing certification, approval and compliance requirements for FCC
EMC Bayswater offers a vast array of FCC intentional radiator (radio transmitter) testing services. We are FCC accredited (pending NATA assessment) and we have onsite our fully compliant ANSI C63.4: 2014 test site.
Transmitters and receivers are known under the FCC rules as ‘intentional radiators’. Products sold in the in the United States of America (USA) containing intentional radiators must comply with the FCC rules. The particular rules commonly applied are FCC Part 15, Subpart C, Intentional Radiators. But can be dependent upon the type of technology used, the frequency used and construction of the transmitter.
Legal Implications for FCC marking
Certification is required by a Telecommunication Certification Body (TCB). We can help with referring you to an independent notified body who we highly recommend. After the test report is completed and submitted to the TCB then a grant is issued for the product and an associated FCC ID number assigned. Please note the FCC no longer performs the certification task and an independent TCB will be required. EMC Bayswater is NATA accredited (pending) to perform FCC Part 15 Subpart C testing. We have a compliant ANSI C63.4: 2014 test site essential for performing FCC radiated measurements.
For further information regarding the FCC compliance requirements. Including FCC labelling, declaration of conformity, please refer to our dedicated FCC testing page. Additional EMC testing is often required for many products as the radio component is only a sub-part to a more complex system. Please view our EMC compliance testing page for more information.
ISED previously IC for Canada wireless radio testing (RF transmitter and RF receiver) compliance
Expansion: Innovation, Science and Economic Development, previously Industry Canada
Effective region: Canada
Regulator: Innovation, Science and Economic Development, previously Industry Canada
Legal Requirements: Mandatory
Wireless radio testing certification, approval and compliance requirements for ISED
Products sold in the in Canada containing radio and wireless components (transmitters and/or receivers) must comply with the with relevant sections of Innovation, Science and Economic Development rules. These may include radio testing standards such as RSS-210, RS-310, RSS-247. The applicable rules depend upon the type of technology used and construction of the transmitter.
Legal Implications for ISED marking
Certification is required by a Foreign Certification Body (FCB). We can help with referring you to an independent notified body who we highly recommend. EMC Bayswater has an ANSI C63.4: 2009 and C63.4: 2014 IC registered test site essential for performing ISED and IC radiated emissions measurements.
For further information regarding the ISED EMC testing compliance requirements. Including ISED labelling, declaration of conformity, please refer to our dedicated ISED / IC section.